21 results.
book
Year of publication: 2022

Bulletin of Japanese Association for Mongolian Studies

Author′s name: JARGALSAIKHAN Jargalmaa

KEY WORDS: Mongolian Higher Education, University Governance, Board of Trustees

Publishers:Japanese Association for Mongolian Studies
ISBN:0916-2356
Academic Field:Social Sciences
Language:Japanese

URL:

Abstract: This paper tried to clarify how the independence of national universities is considered in Mongolia, with the main subject of analysis being the board of trustees of national universities in Mongolia. The Education Law of 1995 aimed to promote the autonomy and independence of universities by introducing a board of trustees to universities as self-management institutions. The board of trustees has the authority to set rules, budgets, long-term plans, etc. it was positioned as the highest decision-making body in terms of management and operation. However, from the beginning, 51-60% of the board is representative of the founder, the rest are representatives of students, faculty and graduates, and the government has appointed representatives of the founder, including the president. The harmful effects of this method were pointed out due to problems with reliability and the term of office of directors. A revision of the law was made to make the representatives of the public society the centre of the actors for the members of the board. Still, it ended in a short period of time. It can be seen that the concept of independence of national universities in Mongolia does not focus on faculty members and students who are members of the university.

article
Year of publication: 2022

モンゴルにおける国立大学の独立性概念に関する検討

―理事会の構成と権限の変遷を手がかりとして―

Author′s name: ジャルガルサイハン ジャルガルマー

KEY WORDS: モンゴル、高等教育、大学管理運営、理事会

Name of the journal:日本モンゴル学会紀要
ISSN:0916-2356  Volume and pages:71-84
Academic Field:Social Sciences
Language:Japanese

URL:

Abstract: This paper tried to clarify how the independence of national universities is considered in Mongolia, with the main subject of analysis being the board of trustees of national universities in Mongolia. The Education Law of 1995 aimed to promote the autonomy and independence of universities by introducing a board of trustees to universities as self-management institutions. The board of trustees has the authority to set rules, budgets, long-term plans, etc. it was positioned as the highest decision-making body in terms of management and operation. However, from the beginning, 51-60% of the board is representative of the founder, the rest are representatives of students, faculty and graduates, and the government has appointed representatives of the founder, including the president. The harmful effects of this method were pointed out due to problems with reliability and the term of office of directors. A revision of the law was made to make the representatives of the public society the centre of the actors for the members of the board. Still, it ended in a short period of time. It can be seen that the concept of independence of national universities in Mongolia does not focus on faculty members and students who are members of the university.

book
Year of publication: 2021

コロナに挑む内陸国

Author′s name: 玉井 良尚 、宮脇 昇 、玉井雅隆、ナンジン ドルジスレン編

KEY WORDS:

Publishers:志学社
ISBN:
Academic Field:Social Sciences
Language:Japanese

URL:

Abstract:

article
Year of publication: 2020

Mitigation of severe wintertime disasters in northern Mongolia through the early implementation of local action

Author′s name: Ariunaa Chadraabal , Masato Shinoda , Yasuhiro Suzuki, Hiroshi Komiyama

KEY WORDS: dzud Disaster prevention Local action Humanitarian assistance

Name of the journal:International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
Volume and pages:50,1-9
Academic Field:Social Sciences
Language:English

Abstract: The frequency of climate-driven disasters in Mongolia has increased over the last two decades. Specifically, a series of devastating dzuds occurred in 1999–2000, 2000–2001, 2001–2002, and 2009–2010, leading to total losses of about 18 million livestock. Although dzuds are primarily caused by extreme climatic conditions, socioeconomic factors, notably a lack of early preparations and mitigative actions against climate-related hazards may partially account for their occurrence. Our aim was to identify dzud-inducing climatic and socioeconomic factors and to evaluate the effectiveness of early actions implemented by national and local governments and by herders. Accordingly, we conducted interview-based surveys in two neighboring soums with similar environments in Khuvsgul aimag, in northern Mongolia, to examine factors influencing their markedly different livestock mortality rates (11.7% in Tsetserleg versus 0.6% in Tsagaan-Uul) during the winter of 2016–2017. We further analyzed the timeline of all actions taken against dzuds and their effects. An analysis of climatic conditions revealed a slightly higher normalized anomaly value for snow depth in Tsetserleg than that in Tsagaan-Uul, which not only prevented grazing but also limited access of vulnerable herding households to assistance. At the local governmental level, inadequate hay and fodder, poor organization and management of emergency actions in Tsetserleg soum were primary causes of the high livestock mortality rate while at the herders’ level, the mortalities were possibly exacerbated by shorter-distance seasonal movements and the absence of otor. The findings of the study suggest that early actions are critical factors in reducing dzud-induced damage.

book
Year of publication: 2014

50 Chapters for Understanding Modern Mongolia

Author′s name: Konagaya Yuki and Maekawa Ai eds.

KEY WORDS:

Publishers:Akashi shoten
ISBN:9784750340432
Academic Field:Social Sciences
Language:Japanese

Abstract:

book
Year of publication: 2013

Development trajectories for Mongolian women in and after transition

Author′s name: Shiotani Maqsooda Sarfi, Yuki Konagaya eds.

KEY WORDS:

Publishers:National Museum of Ethnology
ISBN:9784906962044
Academic Field:Social Sciences
Language:English

Abstract:

article in the book
Year of publication: 2012

Study on Environmental Migration and Challanges

Author′s name: KONAGAYA Yuki, Yan ChangBao

KEY WORDS:

Title of the book:The Policy of Environmental Law and Governance in China
Publishers:Koyo Shobo
ISBN:9784771023109
Pages (pp. x-xx) :pp. 177-208
Academic Field:Social Sciences
Language:Japanese

Abstract:

article
Year of publication: 2011

Exorcise the curse of Uranium Industry in Mongolia

Author′s name: 小長谷 有紀

KEY WORDS: nuclear garbage disposal

Name of the journal:The World
Volume and pages:823:188-194
Academic Field:Social Sciences
Language:Japanese

Abstract:

book
Year of publication: 2011

Ecological migration : Environmental Policy in China

Author′s name: Nakao Masayoshi, Konagaya Yuki, Shinjilt eds.

KEY WORDS:

Publishers:Peter Lang
ISBN:9783034303439
Academic Field:Social Sciences
Language:English

Abstract:

article in the book
Year of publication: 2009

Ecological, economic and cultural aspects of environmental migration policy

Author′s name: KONAGAYA Yuki, Kodama Kanako

KEY WORDS:

Title of the book:Economic Development and Environmental Protection in the northern China
Publishers:Inner Mongolia Science and Technology Press
ISBN:
Pages (pp. x-xx) :pp.60-72
Academic Field:Social Sciences
Language:Chinese

Abstract:

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